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Brook Trout Related Publications

Title Description Authors Publication date year
A new species of Myxobolus (Myxozoa: Bivalvulida) infecting the medulla oblongata and nerve cord of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis in southern Appalachia (New River, NC, USA) Myxobolus neurofontinalis n. sp. infects the brain and medulla oblongata of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis [Mitchill, 1814]) in the New River, western NC. I... Steven P. Ksepka, Jacob M. Rash, Nathan Whelan, Stephen A. Bullard1 2019
A Protocol for Collecting Environmental DNA Samples From Streams Environmental DNA (eDNA) is DNA that has been released by an organism into its environment, such that the DNA can be found in air, water, or soil. In aquatic sy... Kellie J. Carim, Kevin S. McKelvey, Michael K. Young, Taylor M. Wilcox, Michael K. Schwartz 2016
A regional neural network ensemble for predicting mean daily river water temperature Water temperature is a fundamental property of river habitat and often a key aspect of river resource management, but measurements to characterize thermal regim... Jefferson Tyrell DeWeber, Tyler Wagner 2014
Acid Mine Drainage and Effects on Fish Health and Ecology: A Review Acid rock drainage (ARD) is produced by the oxidation of sulfide minerals, chiefly iron pyrite or iron disulfide (FeS2). This is a natural chemical reaction whi... Jennings, S.R., Neuman, D.R., Blicker, P.S. 2008
An Economic Analysis of Improved Road‐Stream Crossings Road‐stream crossings, which include culverts and bridges, are an essential element of our transportation networks, allowing roads to pass over rivers and str... Jessica Levine 2013
An updated geographic distribution of Myxobolus cerebralis (Hofer, 1903) (Bivalvulida: Myxobolidae) and the first diagnosed case of whirling disease in wild-caught trout in the south-eastern United States Myxobolus cerebralis (Bivalvulida: Myxobolidae), the aetiological agent of salmonid whirling disease, was detected in 2 river basins of North Carolina during 20... Steven P. Ksepka1, Jacob M. Rash, Brandon L. Simcox, Doug A. Besler, Haley R. Dutton, Micah B. Warren, Stephen A. Bullard1 2020
Assessment and predictive model for brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) population status in the eastern United States Over the last 200 years, brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) have been subjected to numerous anthropogenic physical, chemical, and biological perturbations tha... Teresa Thieling 2006
Beaver: Nature's ecosystem engineers This review summarizes how beaver impact: (a) ecosystem structure and geomorphology, (b) hydrology and water resources, (c) water quality, (d) freshwater ecolog... Richard E. Brazier, Alan Puttock, Hugh A. Graham, Roger E. Auster, Kye H. Davies, Chryssa M. L. Brown 2020
Broad-Scale Patterns of Brook Trout Responses to Introduced Brown Trout in New York Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis and Brown Trout Salmo trutta are valuable sport fish that coexist in many parts of the world due to stocking introductions. Ca... James E. McKenna Jr., Michael T. Slattery, Kean M. Clifford 2013
Brook Trout Movement in Response to Temperature, Flow, and Thermal Refugia within a Complex Appalachian Riverscape We quantified movements of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis and brown trout Salmo trutta in a complex riverscape characterized by a large, open-canopy main ste... J. Todd Petty, Jeff L. Hansbarger, Brock M. Huntsman, Patricia M. Mazik 2012
Can brook trout survive climate change in large rivers? If it rains - Merriam et al. 2017 Brook trout habitat vulnerability was assessed within an Appalachian watershed. • Increased discharge largely offset effects of increased air temp... Eric R. Merriam, Rodrigo Fernandez, J. Todd Petty, Nicolas Zegre 2017
Chesapeake Fish Passage Prioritization: An Assessment of Dams in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed The Chesapeake Fish Passage Prioritization (CFPP or “the project”) project grew out of and builds on the conceptual framework of the Northeast Aquatic Conne... Martin E. H., Apse C.D. 2013
Climate change influence on brook trout populations in the Central Appalachians - Andrew et al. 2022 We used a 18-year brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) data set with samples across a ~4800 km2 spatial area in the Central Appalachian Mountains, combined with ...
Conservation and the Genetics of Populations 2nd Edition Loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing the world today. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations gives a comprehensive overview of the e...
Conservation Genetics of Remnant Coastal Brook Trout Populations at the Southern Limit of Their Distribution: Population Structure and Effects of Stocking We examined genetic variation within and among a group of remnant coastal brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis populations along the coast of the northeastern Unit... Brendan Annett, Gabriele Gerlach, Timothy L. King, Andrew R. Whiteley 2012
Conservation planning at the intersection of landscape and climate change: brook trout in the Chesapeake Bay watershed We developed a multi-scale conservation planning framework for brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) within the Chesapeake Bay watershed that incorporates both la... Eric R. Merriam, J. Todd Petty, Jason Clingerman 2019
Development of Genetic Baseline Information to Support the Conservation and Management of Wild Brook Trout in North Carolina Kazyak, D.C., Lubinski, B.A., Rash, J.M., Johnson, T.C., King, T.L. 2021. After centuries of declines, there is growing interes... Kazyak, D.C., Lubinski, B.A., Rash, J.M., Johnson, T.C., King, T.L. 2021
Distribution, Status, and Land Use Characteristics of Subwatersheds within the Native Range of Brook Trout in the Eastern United States We examined and summarized existing knowledge regarding the distribution and status of self- sustaining populations of brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis at the ... Mark Hudy, Teresa Theiling, Nathaniel Gillespie, Eric Smith 2008
Dynamics and regulation of the southern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) population in an Appalachian stream 1. We used information theoretic statistics [Akaike’s Information Criterion (AIC)] and regression analysis in a multiple hypothesis testing approach to assess... GARY D. GROSSMAN, ROBERT E. RATAJCZAK, C. MICHAEL WAGNER, J. TODD PETTY 2010
Efficacy of Environmental DNA to Detect and Quantify Brook Trout Populations in Headwater Streams of the Adirondack Mountains, New York Environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis is rapidly evolving as a tool for monitoring the distributions of aquatic species. Detection of species’ populations in stre... Barry P. Baldigo, Lee Ann Sporn, Scott D. George, Jacob A. Ball 2017
Elevated summer temperatures delay spawning reduce redd construction for resident brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) Redd (nest) surveys for resident brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) were conducted annually in a mountain lake in northern New York for 11 years with multiple ... Dana R. Warren, Jason M. Robinson, Daniel C. Josephson, Daniel R. Sheldon, Clifford E. Kraft 2012
Environmental DNA Sampling Informs Fish Eradication Efforts: Case Studies and Lessons Learned Worldwide, freshwater ecosystems are threatened by invasive species, resulting in adverse effects on infrastructure, economy, recreation, and native aquatic com... K. J. Carim, N. J. Bean, J. M. Connor, W. P. Baker, M. Jaeger, M. P. Ruggles, K. S. McKelvey, T. W. Franklin, M. K. Young, M. K. Schwartz 2020
Estimating size-specific brook trout abundance in continuously sampled headwater streams using Bayesian mixed models with zero inflation and overdispersion We examined habitat factors related to reach-scale brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis counts of four size classes in two headwater stream networks within two con... Yoichiro Kanno1, Jason C. Vokoun1, Kent E. Holsinger, Benjamin H. Letcher 2012
Evaluating the Barrier Assessment Technique Derived from FishXing Software and the Upstream Movement of Brook Trout through Road Culverts Anthropogenic barriers to fish passage, such as culverts and dams, are major factors impeding the persistence and recovery of aquatic species. Considerable work... Shad Mahlum, David Cote, Yolanda F. Wiersma, Dan Kehler, Keith D. Clarke 2014
Evaluating the Trade-Offs between Invasion and Isolation for Native Brook Trout and Nonnative Brown Trout in Pennsylvania Streams A popular conservation strategy for native trout species in western North America is to prevent invasions by nonnative trout by installing barriers that isolate... Mark A. Kirk, Anna N. Rosswog, Kirsten N. Ressel, Scott A. Wissinger 2018
Evaluation of Catch-and-Release Regulations on Brook Trout in Pennsylvania Streams In 2004, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission implemented catch-and-release (CR) regulations on headwater stream systems to determine if eliminating angler... Jason Detar, David Kristine, Tyler Wagner, Tom Greene 2014
Evaluation of Wild Brook Trout Populations in Vermont Streams Wild brook trout populations in Vermont streams appeared to be relatively stable over a period of five decades as evidenced in this evaluation of 150 sites. Pre... VDFW 2017
Fall and Early Winter Movement and Habitat Use of Wild Brook Trout Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis populations face a myriad of threats throughout the species’ native range in the eastern United States. Understanding wild B... Robert Mollenhauer, Tyler Wagner, Megan V. Kepler, John A. Sweka 2013
Fragmentation and Patch Size Shape Genetic Structure of Brook Trout Populations We tested the relative influence of habitat patch size and connectivity on genetic structure and effective population size in eight brook trout (Salvelinus font... Andrew R. Whiteley, Jason A. Coombs, Mark Hudy, Zachary Robinson, Amanda R. Colton, Keith H. Nislow, Benjamin H. Letcher 2013
Geomorphic, Flood, and Groundwater-Flow Characteristics of Bayfield Peninsula Streams, Wisconsin, and Implications for Brook-Trout Habitat In 2002–03, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a study of the geomorphic, flood, and groundwater-flow characteristics of five Bayfield Peninsula streams, Wi... Faith A. Fitzpatrick, Marie C. Peppler, David A. Saad, Dennis M. Pratt, Bernard N. Lenz 2014
Impacts of Exotic Rainbow Trout on Habitat Use by Native Juvenile Salmonid Species at an Early Invasive Stage The detrimental impact of introduced Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss on native communities has been well documented around the world. Previous studies have fo... Isabel Thibault, Julian Dodson 2013
Individual behaviour and resource use of thermally stressed brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis portend the conservation potential of thermal refugia Individual aggression and thermal refuge use were monitored in brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis in a controlled laboratory to determine how fish size and perso... Shannon L. White, Benjamen C. Kline, Nathaniel P. Hitt, Tyler Wagner 2019
Is motivation important to brook trout passage through culverts? Culverts can restrict movement of stream-dwelling fish. Motivation to enter and ascend these structures is an essential precursor for successful passage. Howeve... Elsa Goerig, Theodore Castro-Santos 2017
Landscape and stocking effects on population genetics of TN brook trout Hargrove, J.S., Kazyak, D.C., Lubinski, B.A. et al. Landscape and stocking effects on population genetics of Tennessee Brook Trout. Conserv Genet 23, 341–357 ... Hargrove, J.S., Kazyak, D.C., Lubinski, B.L. 2022
Linking movement and reproductive history of brook trout to assess habitat connectivity in a heterogeneous stream network 1. Defining functional connectivity between habitats in spatially heterogeneous landscapes is a particular challenge for small-bodied aquatic species. Tradition... YOICHIRO KANNO, BENJAMIN H. LETCHER, JASON A. COOMBS, KEITH H. NISLOW, ANDREW R. WHITELEY 2013
Metabolic rates of embryos and alevin from a cold-adapted salmonid differ with temperature, population and family of origin: implications for coping with climate change Early developmental stages of cold-adapted ectotherms such as brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) are at higher risk of mortality with increasing water temperat... Catharine J. Cook, Gary Burness, Chris C. Wilson 2018
Modified Culvert Inventory and Assessment Protocol This culvert inventory and assessment method is a modified version of the National Inventory and Assessment Procedure (NIAP; Clarkin et al 2003) developed to co... Sara Sweeten, Colin Krause, Craig Roghair 2012
Movement Patterns of Brook Trout in a Restored Coastal Stream System in Southern Massachusetts Populations of anadromous brook trout can be found from northern Canada into New England. It is believed that the extent of anadromy exhibited by coastal brook ... ERIN L SNOOK 2014
Northeast Aquatic Connectivity - An Assessment of Dams on Northeastern Rivers Throughout the Northeast, hundreds of dams have been removed and hundreds of culverts have been replaced or retrofitted over the last two decades in projects wh... E. H. Martin, C. D. Apse 2011
Population genetics of Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in the southern Appalachian Mountains Broad-scale patterns of genetic diversity for Brook Trout remain poorly understood across their endemic range in the eastern United States. We characterized var... David C. Kazyak, Barbara A. Lubinski, Matt A. Kulp, Kasey C. Pregler, Andrew R. Whiteley, Eric Hallerman, Jason A. Coombs, Yoichiro Kanno, Jacob M. Rash, Raymon... 2021
Population regulation of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Hunt Creek, Michigan: a 50-year study 1. Fisheries models generally are based on the concept that strong density dependence exists in fish populations. Nonetheless, there are few examples of long-te... GARY D. GROSSMAN, ANDREW NUHFER, TROY ZORN, GARY SUNDIN, GAYLORD ALEXANDER 2012
Population Response to Habitat Fragmentation in a Stream-Dwelling Brook Trout Population Fragmentation can strongly influence population persistence and expression of life-history strategies in spatially-structured populations. In this study, we dir... Letcher BH, Nislow KH, Coombs JA, O’Donnell MJ, Dubreuil TL 2007
Predicting Brook Trout Occurrence in Stream Reaches throughout their Native Range in the Eastern United States The Brook Trout Salvelinus fontinalis is an important species of conservation concern in the eastern USA. We developed a model to predict Brook Trout population... Jefferson T. DeWeber, Tyler Wagner 2015
Probabilistic measures of climate change vulnerability, adaptation action benefits, and related uncertainty from maximum temperature metric selection Predictions of the projected changes in species distribution models and potential adaptation action benefits can help guide conservation actions. There is subst... J. Tyrell DeWeber, Tyler Wagner 2018
Quantifying the effect of semi-natural riparian cover on stream temperatures: implications for salmonid habitat management Previous studies examining the effects of riparian cover on stream temperatures have led to highly variable findings. In an attempt to reduce these uncertainti... D. K. RYAN, J. M. YEARSLEY, M. KELLY-QUINN 2013
Ranking Site Vulnerability to Increasing Temperatures in Southern Appalachian Brook Trout Streams in Virginia: An Exposure - Sensitivity Approach Climate change vulnerability classification model for brook trout populations; brook trout populations are classified into one of four quadrants based on direct... Bradly A. Trumbo*, Keith H. Nislow, Jonathan Stallings, Mark Hudy, Eric P. Smith, Dong-Yun Kim, Bruce Wiggins, Charles A. Dolloff 2014
Response of fish assemblages to declining acidic deposition in Adirondack Mountain lakes, 1984-2012 Adverse effects of acidic deposition on the chemistry and fish communities were evident in Adirondack Mountain lakes during the 1980s and 1990s. Fish assemblage... B.P. Baldigo, K.M. Roy, C.T. Driscoll 2016
Restoration of brook trout across their native range using fish toxicants and electrofishing: are we successful ecologically and socially? PDF of PowerPoint presentation by Matt Kulp, fishery biologist with the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and coauthors, reviewing historic and contemporary ... Matt Kulp, Marcia Carter, David Demarest, Brian Eltz, Jim Habera, Patricia Hamilton, Fred G. Henson, Adam R. Kautza, Matthew Mitro, Anthony Rabern, Dan Rankin, ... 2022
SEACAP: Southeast Aquatic Connectivity Assessment Project: Assessing the ecological impact of dams on Southeastern rivers The Southeast Aquatic Connectivity Assessment Project (SEACAP) grew out of and builds on the conceptual framework of the Chesapeake Fish Passage Prioritization ... Martin E. H, Hoenke K., Granstaff E., Barnett A., Kauffman J., Robinson S., Apse, C.D. 2014
Seasonal streamflow extremes are key drivers of Brook Trout young-of-the-year abundance Based on counts of Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) collected over 28 yr at 115 sites in Shenandoah National Park, we developed mixed-effects models to (1) a... Annalise G. Blum, Yoichiro Kanno, Benjamin H. Letcher 2018
Sensitivity and Vulnerability of Brook Trout Populations to Climate Change Predicting future brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis distributions at the population scale under various climate scenarios is of interest to the Eastern Brook Tr... Brad Trumbo, Mark Hudy, Eric P. Smith, Dong-Yun Kim, Bruce A. Wiggins, Keith H. Nislow, Charles A. Dolloff 2010
SENSITIVITY AND VULNERABILITY OF BROOK TROUT POPULATIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE We directly measured paired air and water temperatures in watersheds (N = 77) containing reproducing populations of brook trout in Virginia. We found that pai... Author
Technical Guide for Field Practitioners: Understanding and Monitoring Aquatic Organism Passage at Road-Stream Crossings Stream connectivity has become increasingly important for river restoration and fish-habitat improvement projects (Fullerton et al. 2010) amidst increasing evid... Nicholas Heredia, Brett Roper, Nathaniel Gillespie, Craig Roghair 2016
The Importance of Scale: Assessing and Predicting Brook Trout Status in its Southern Native Range Occupancy models are of increasing interest to managers and natural resource decision makers. Assessment of status and trends, as well as the specific drivers i... Mark Hudy, Keith Nislow, Eric P. Smith, Arthur R. Cooper, Dana M. Infante 2013
The influence of land cover composition and groundwater on thermal habitat availability for brook trout populations Brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) is a sentinel fish species that requires clean, cold water habitats generally resulting from landscapes that allow for surfa... Kiira J. Siitari, William W. Taylor, Stacy A. C. Nelson, Kerryann E. Weaver 2011
The temperature–productivity squeeze: constraints on brook trout growth along an Appalachian river continuum We tested the hypothesis that brook trout growth rates are controlled by a complex interaction of food availability, water temperature, and competitor density.... J. Todd Petty, David Thorne, Brock M. Huntsman, Patricia M. Mazik 2014
Understanding environmental DNA detection probabilities: A case study using a stream-dwelling char Salvelinus fontinalis Environmental DNA sampling (eDNA) has emerged as a powerful tool for detecting aquatic animals. Previous research suggests that eDNA methods are substantially m... Taylor M. Wilcox, Kevin S. McKelvey, Michael K. Young, Adam J. Sepulveda, Bradley B. Shepard, Stephen F. Jane, Andrew R.Whiteley, Winsor H. Lowe, Michael K. Sch... 2016
Using genetic data to advance stream fish reintroduction science: a case study in brook trout This study demonstrates the utility of genetic and demographic data for reintroduction efforts, particularly when extant populations are genetically depauperate... White, S.L., Johnson, T.C., Rash, J.A., Lubinski, B.A., Kazyak, D.C.
What predicts the use by brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) of terrestrial invertebrate subsidies in headwater streams? 1. Spatial subsidies are important resources for organisms in receiving habitats, particularly when production in those habitats is low. Terrestrial invertebrat... MATTHEW K. WILSON, WINSOR H. LOWE, KEITH H. NISLOW 2014
Wood placement in river restoration: fact, fiction, and future direction Despite decades of research on wood in rivers, the addition of wood as a river restoration technique remains controversial. We reviewed the literature on natura... Philip Roni, Tim Beechie, George Pess, Karrie Hanson 2014

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